The Royal Irish Academy in Dublin, Ireland, will host the Transatlantic Women 3: Women of the Green Atlantic conference on 21–22 June 2018. The conference, organized by the Catharine Maria Sedgwick Society, will deal with areas like recovering voices of Irish-Americans, or American-Irish women and struggles of immigrant women. Among the panels at the conference is one devoted to the work of Kate Chopin. The panel is organized by Bonnie Shaker (Kent State University at Geauga), associate editor of KateChopin.org.

If you want to learn about conference presentations at the American Literature Association conference and other conferences in 2017, you may want to check the details of the presentations.

If you need to do archival research about Kate Chopin’s work, you may want to check our new Guide to Kate Chopin Archives

If you want to know when Kate Chopin wrote each of her short stories and when and where each was first published, you can check our webpage. 

If you’re working on an article about Kate Chopin that you plan to submit to a scholarly journal, you may want to check our updated page about Best Journals for Kate Chopin Articles.

If you’re looking for another conference where you could present your work, you may want to check the University of Pennsylvania site.

If you want to check topics for Kate Chopin conference presentations, you may want to see those delivered at our American Literature Association panels since 2004.

If you would like to learn about a Kate Chopin symposium on July 8, 2016, in Bremen, Germany (where Kate Chopin stopped on her honeymoon on July 8, 1870), you may want to read the details.

If you can help with queries we receive at this site, you may want to see what we are seeking information about.

And if you would like to contribute to this website, you may want to read these next paragraphs:

KateChopin.org draws on scholars’ discoveries and insights to offer accurate, up-to-date information about Kate Chopin and her work. We seek to incorporate scholarly contributions to the site in several ways:

Listings of scholarly books, book chapters, and articles about Chopin

We seek to be comprehensive, to list useful publications about Chopin. If you’ve published something we’ve missed, please tell us; we’ll be glad to add it. If a book or article we’ve listed is now available online, please send us the link and we’ll add that to the entry. You can check our lists of scholarly publications:

Books and books of essays about Kate Chopin and her work
Articles about Kate Chopin published since 2000
Articles about Kate Chopin published from 1985 through 1999
Articles about Kate Chopin published before 1985
Kate Chopin translations and scholarship into German
Kate Chopin translations and scholarship into Portuguese
Kate Chopin translations and scholarship in Spain
PhD dissertations about Kate Chopin

References to scholars’ publications in questions and answers

When a visitor to the site poses a question, we try to direct readers to scholars’ publications in our answer. If we’ve missed your work in answering a question, tell us about that? If nobody has posed an important question that your publication deals with, write to us? You can find an example of scholars’ work being referred to in a question’s answer at many places on the site.

Direct appeals to scholars over answers to readers’ questions

At times we’ve asked scholars for their opinion on a subject posed by a visitor. When we received a question about the expression “yellow nurse” in “Désirée’s Baby,” we asked Emily Toth, Tom Bonner, and Barbara C. Ewell to discuss the matter. If you would like us to call on you when a question comes up, write to us and explain the areas of Chopin’s work you are most interested in.

Direct contributions to the site

If you’re a scholar or an advanced graduate student and have something fresh to add about Chopin’s work or her life, we invite you to submit a brief comment for posting on the site. We’re thinking 300 to 400 words might be a good length for a comment too short for a full-fledged essay, or it might be an appropriate length for an excerpt from a conference presentation you’d like to share with a larger audience. We’ll include your name and your academic or other affiliation, we’ll keep your posting up on the site, and we’ll link it to from relevant pages on the site. For example, if you post a discussion about “The Story of an Hour,” we’ll link to it on the site’s page devoted to that story.

But do keep our readers in mind. KateChopin.org averages over a thousand visits a day from people in countries around the world–students, scholars, teachers, librarians, journalists, translators, film makers, playwrights, book-club members, bloggers–readers of all kinds who come to the site for information about Chopin and her work. Please write clearly and avoid unnecessary jargon.

We’ll copyedit your discussion and check with you before we post it.

We cannot know if your department or university will accept what we publish on the site as a contribution to your scholarly growth, but KateChopin.org received hundreds of thousands of visitors in 2014, so we are fairly confident that your work will be available to a large and interested readership. And information on the site is copyrighted.

The MLA International Bibliography indexes the pages on this website.

If you’re interested, contact us?

The Kate Chopin International Society offered two sponsored panels at the 2015 American Literature Association conference in Boston, MA, May 21–24, 2015.

Panel 1

Session 10-E Contextualizing Kate Chopin

Chair: Kelli Purcell O’Brien, University of Memphis

“A Creole By Any Other Name: Creolization, Translation, and Kate Chopin’s Bayou Folk,” H. T. Chang, Pennsylvania State University

“’She drank in the wonderful strains’: Synaesthetic Imagery in Kate Chopin’s Fiction,” Eulalia Piñero Gil, Universidad Autónoma of Madrid, Spain

“Beyond Feminism: Revisiting the Etymology of Kate Chopin’s The Awakening,” Karlianne Seri, StonyBrook University

Panel 2

Session 16-B Roundtable: Recontextualizing Kate Chopin for the Classroom

Moderator: Heather Ostman, SUNY Westchester Community College

“Kate Chopin and Hélène Cixous: Celebrating the Female in Women’s Writing,” Meg Sempreora, Webster University

“Chopin Among the Expatriates: Teaching Chopin in a Course on American Women Writers in Paris,” Christina G. Bucher, Berry College

“Flipping the Curriculum: Teaching Media Literacy and Media History through Kate Chopin’s Writings,” Angela Gianoglio Pettitt, Penn State Shenango, and Bonnie James Shaker, Kent State University

“The Significance of the First-Wave Feminist Novel The Awakening To Adolescents Raised Under Third-Wave Feminism,” Laura Kovick, Eastern Michigan University

“Teaching Chopin in a Religious/Secular Context,” David Z. Wehner, Mount St. Mary’s University

Special Kate Chopin Presentations at the 2014 American Literature Association Conference in Washington

The Kate Chopin International Society sponsored three panels–with scholars from the United States, Spain, and Germany, and a conversation with three of Kate Chopin’s great granddaughters–at the 2014 American Literature Association conference in Washington, D.C., May 22–25:

Mapping and Translating Kate Chopin’s Fiction in New Contexts
Chair: Kelli Purcell O’Brien, University of Memphis

“Mapping Memory Boundaries at the Site of the Plantation Home in Kate Chopin’s Bayou Folk Stories,” Heather Fox, University of South Florida

“The Art of Contingency in Kate Chopin’s Fiction: a Bioregional Approach to American Regionalism,” Jessica Bridget George, Indiana University

“Translating Gender in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening: A Transformance Approach,” Eulalia Piñero Gil, Universidad Autónoma of Madrid, Spain

Roundtable: Teaching Kate Chopin in Different Contexts

Moderator: Heather Ostman, SUNY Westchester Community College

“The I Hate Edna Club,” Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

“Mrs. Mallard Doesn’t Know Jack About Prison! Teaching ‘The Story of an Hour’ in a Prison-Themed Seminar,” Marlowe Daly-Galeano, Lewis-Clark State College

“A Truly American Experience? German Views on Kate Chopin’s ‘The Story of an Hour’ and ‘A Pair of Silk Stockings’,” Heidi Podlasli-Labrenz, University of Bremen, Germany

“Acadians and Canadians: Teaching Chopin and Atwood in the Lit Survey Classroom,” J. Christopher O’Brien, University of Memphis

Special Session: Three of Kate Chopin’s Great Granddaughters and Three Chopin Scholars Discuss Chopin’s Legacy

Moderator, Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University
Susie Chopin
Annette Chopin Lare
Gerri Chopin Wendel
Thomas Bonner Jr., Xavier University of Louisiana
Barbara C. Ewell, Loyola University of New Orleans
Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

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Kate Chopin Presentations at Earlier Scholarly Conferences

The Kate Chopin International Society offered two panels about Kate Chopin and her work at the 2013 American Literature Association conference in Boston, May 23–26, 2013.

Teaching Kate Chopin in Different Contexts
Chair: Heather Ostman, Westchester Community College

“The Color Line and Character Motivations in Chopin’s ‘Désirée’s Baby,'” Amy C. Branam, Frostburg State University

“The Generation Gap in Teaching The Awakening,” Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

“Multimedia Approaches to Teaching Kate Chopin’s Short Fiction,” Kate O’Donoghue, CUNY Graduate Center

Challenging Characterizations, Categorizations, and Canonicity: Chopin Today
Chair: Kate O’Donoghue, CUNY Graduate Center

“Fashion as Characterization in The Awakening,” Kelli Purcell O’Brien, University of Memphis

“There Was Something Coming to Her,” Aparecido Donizete Rossi, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil (UNESP)

“Kate Chopin’s Rejection of Individualism,” Rafael Walker, University of Pennsylvania

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Kate Chopin papers at the 2012 American Literature Association Conference, May 24–27, San Francisco.

Kate Chopin: New Information, New Readings
Chair: Christina G. Bucher, Berry College

“New Information about Kate Chopin and American Public Libraries,” Charles Johanningsmeier, University of Nebraska at Omaha

“Lingerie and Labor: Georgie McEnder’s Realistic Education,” Kathryn O’Donoghue, CUNY Graduate Center

“Guo Xi’s ‘Three Distances’ and Three Women in The Awakening,” Xuemei Wan, Jiangsu University, China

Teaching Kate Chopin in Different Contexts: A Roundtable
Chair: Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University

Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

Christina G. Bucher, Berry College

Kelli Purcell O’Brien, The University of Memphis

Madoka Kishi, Louisiana State University

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Kate Chopin papers at the 2011 American Literature Association Conference, May 26–29, 2011, Boston

The Awakening, At Fault, and Chopin’s Early Work
Chair: Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

“Edna Pontellier‘s Platonic Wings,” William Moss, Wake Forest University

At Fault: Térèse Goes West,” Gary MacDonald, Virginia State University

“‘Something Dearer Than Life’: Art and (Re)production in Chopin’s Early Work,” Arielle Zibrak, Boston University

The Awakening: Its Influence, its Food, and its iPhone

Chair: Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

“The Influence of The Awakening on Edith Summers Kelley‘s Weeds: Biographical Connections?” Linda Kornasky, Angelo State University

“By Way of the Mouth: The Delicious Taste of Edna Pontellier‘s Delirium.” Julia P. McLeod, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

“Hacking Edna’s iPhone: Teaching and Reading Kate Chopin with 21st-century Digital Natives,” John A. Staunton, Eastern Michigan University

Also, two members of the Kate Chopin International Society offered Kate Chopin presentations at ALA panels on other subjects:

Film and Literature

“Adaptations of The Awakening and Other Faux Pas,” Barbara Ewell, Loyola University

Roundtable–Websites of American Author Societies: What Are Their Goals? Who Are They For?

Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University

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Kate Chopin paper at the 2010 Midwest Popular Culture Association Conference, October 1–3, Minneapolis

“‘A Pair of Silk Stockings’ and Pop Culture,” Kelli O’Brien, University of Memphis

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Kate Chopin papers at the 2010 American Literature Association Conference, May 29, 2010, San Francisco

Kate Chopin in Other Media
Chair: Kathleen Butterly Nigro, University of Missouri–St. Louis

“Kate Chopin Slew the Loch Ness Monster–and Other Farcical Notes from the Internet.” Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

“Kate Chopin in Brazil.” Aparecido Donizete Rossi, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil

“A Network and a Bridge: The ‘KateChopin.org’ Website.” Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University

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Kate Chopin papers at the 2010 Society for the Study of Southern Literature Conference, April 8–11, New Orleans

Racial and Cultural “Otherness” in the Work of Kate Chopin Moderator: Christina G. Bucher, Berry College

“Limits of Representation of Racial ‘Otherness’: Grotesque Portrayal of the Mammy Stereotype in Kate Chopin’s Fiction.” Dagmar Pegues, Metropolitan University, Prague

“‘With an Inward Agony . . . She Witnessed the Scene of Torture’: Childbirth and Class in The Awakening.” Correna Catlett Merricks, University of Mississippi

“Kate Chopin’s Louisiana Writing as Travel Literature.” Thomas Bonner, Jr., Xavier University of Louisiana

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Kate Chopin papers at the 2010 Popular Culture & American Culture Associations Conference, April 2, St. Louis

Kate Chopin Resurrected! The Story of the Kate Chopin Revival Chair: Kathleen Butterly Nigro, University of Missouri–St. Louis

“My Part in Reviving Kate Chopin.” Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

“So Long As We Read Chopin.” Mary Papke, University of Tennessee

“Feeling the Countercurrent.” Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University

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Kate Chopin papers at the 2009 Society for the Study of American Women Writers Conference, October 23, Philadelphia

Philosophy and Characterization in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening and Short Fiction

Chair: Kelli Purcell O’Brien, The University of Memphis

Kimberly Greenfield, The University of Memphis, “‘Désirée’s Baby’: A Linguistic Look at the Intersection of Desire With Reality”

John Staunton, Eastern Michigan University, “Unsettling Readers: Kate Chopin, Pedagogy, and the Discourses of Knowing”

Joseph George, University of North Carolina-Greensboro, “Antagonists for Her to Overcome: A Phenomenological Approach to The Awakening

Kelli Purcell O’Brien, The University of Memphis, “Tonie: A Unique Look at the Recurring Character in Kate Chopin”

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Kate Chopin papers at the 8th Biennial Berry College Southern Women Writers Conference, 2009, September 24–26, Mount Berry, Georgia

Miranda Livingston from Texas Woman’s University presented “The Male Characters in Selected Fiction of Kate Chopin” in a session on Southern Women Writers and Masculinity.

Kate Chopin’s South

Corrie Catlett Merricks, University of Mississippi, “‘Where is my little one?’: Race, Power, and Motherhood in Kate Chopin’s Fiction”

Ma Zuqiong, University of Louisville, “New South, New China: How New Were They for Kate Chopin and Zhang Ailing?”

Kelli Purcell O’Brien, University of Memphis, “Sex Outside Marriage, Inside of Love in Kate Chopin”

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Kate Chopin Panels at the 2009 American Literature Association Annual Conference, May 21–24, Boston

Kate Chopin, Pedagogy, and the Secondary Classroom: Problems and Possibilities
Moderator: John May, Louisiana State University

“Well Rounding: A Multitheoretical Approach for Teaching The Awakening,” Kyllikki Persson, Belmont University

” ‘She is not like us’: Edna Pontellier in the Inner City,” Kate S. Flynn, Roosevelt High School, St. Louis, Missouri

“Chopin’s Fatal Awakening,” Xueling Wu, China University of Geosciences (Beijing) & Texas A&M-Commerce; Rukiya Muhanmmad, China University of Geosciences (Beijing) & Texas A&M-Commerce

“Pedagogical Prospects at the Edge of Certainty: Teaching and Learning to Teach Chopin in the Pre-service Classroom,” John A. Staunton, Eastern Michigan University

Subversive Narratives: Reinterpretations by Kate Chopin
Moderator: Kathleen Butterly Nigro, University of Missouri–St. Louis

“Kate Chopin and Visual Art,” Judith H. Bonner, The Historic New Orleans Collection; Thomas Bonner, Jr., Xavier University of New Orleans

“Crossing the Line: Physical Boundaries in Kate Chopin’s ‘In and Out of Old Natchitoches,’ ” Meredith Frederich, Northern Illinois University

“Motherhood and Kate Chopin’s ‘Regret,’ ” Heather Ostman, Westchester Community College, SUNY

“Dead Women Talking: The Transgressive Manuscripts of ‘Her Letters’ and ‘Elizabeth Stock’s One Story,’ ” Margot Sempreora, Webster University

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Kate Chopin Panels at the 2008 American Literature Association Annual Conference, May 22–25, San Francisco

Kate Chopin: New Perspectives on Race and Ethnicity
Moderator: Tom Morgan, University of Dayton

“Failed Hybridity: Creole Identity in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening and Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea,” JoSann Lien, Idaho State University

“When Désirée’s Baby Grows Up: ‘Passing’ and Erasure in Kate
Chopin’s ‘Désirée’s Baby’ and Fannie Flagg’s Welcome to the World, Baby Girl!” Abigail L. Montgomery, Blue Ridge Community College

“Rethinking the Myth of the Black Rapist: Kate Chopin and the Erasure of the Black Male,” Delores Amorelli, University of Florida

Theoretical Approaches to Kate Chopin
Moderator: Christina Bucher, Berry College

“Regional Aesthetics: The Role of Region in Construction of Gender- and Race-Based Identities and Stereotypes in the Work of Kate Chopin and Grace King,” Dagmar Junkova, Charles University, Prague / Loyola University

“Kate Chopin’s ‘Juanita’: Sexual Magnet or Grotesque?” Susan
Koppelman, Independent Scholar

“Chopin’s Stories from the Deluzian Perspective: ‘The Storm,’ ‘Story
of an Hour,’ and ‘A Respectable Woman,'” Ailee Cho, KAIST (Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)

Roundtable: You Ought to Be In the Canon: How We Helped Kate Chopin In
Moderator: Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University, editor of Approaches to Teaching Chopin’s The Awakening, 1988

Thomas Bonner Jr., Xavier University of New Orleans, editor of The Kate Chopin Companion, 1986

Anna Elfenbein, West Virginia University, author of Women on the Color Line, 1989

Barbara C. Ewell, Loyola University of New Orleans, author of the critical study Kate Chopin, 1986

Mary E. Papke, University of Tennessee, author of Verging on the Abyss, 1990

Helen Taylor, Exeter University, United Kingdom, author of Kate Chopin Portraits, 1979

Emily Toth, Louisiana State University, author of the biography Kate Chopin, 1990

Kate Chopin Presentations at the Faulkner and Chopin Conference
Center for Faulkner Studies
Southeast Missouri State University
October 2–4, 2008

Keynote Address: “Storm Stories: Chopin and Faulkner in New Orleans,” Barbara C. Ewell, Loyola University New Orleans

“Blank Canvases: Chopin’s Narrative Art in ‘Désirée’s Baby,’ ” Samantha Tieu, California State University, East Bay

“Miscegenation and the Mystique of New Orleans: Identity and Race Consciousness in Chopin and Faulkner,” Ryan Crider, University of Louisiana at Lafayette

“In Search of Agency: Edna and Charlotte Find Independence, and Death, in The Awakening and Wild Palms,” Alisa M. Smith-Riel, Northern Illinois University

“How Merry Are the Widows in Kate Chopin’s At Fault and William Faulkner’s ‘There Was a Queen’?” Julie Kares, Southern Illinois University – Carbondale

“You’ll Never Find a Woman Who Is Worthy of You,” Victoria Bryan, University of Tennessee – Chattanooga

“The White Woman’s Burden: Chopin, Faulkner, and the Inheritance of the Old Plantation,” Jeremy Wells, Southern Illinois University – Carbondale

“The Green Breast of the Southern Plantation: Equating Women and Property in Faulkner’s Go Down, Moses and Chopin’s ‘A No-Account Creole,’ ” Christopher Rieger, Southeast Missouri State University

“Empowering the Pedestal: Unvanquishable Grannies in Faulkner and Chopin,” Gretchen Martin, University of Virginia’s College at Wise

“Failing to Know Their Roles: Examining Parallels between Addie Bundren and Edna Pontellier,” Jessica Copous, Bethel College

“The Impediments of Intimacy: The Problem of Love and Marriage,” Jonathan Sedberry, University of South Carolina

“Moving Beyond Acceptable Boundaries: Another Critical Awakening,” Donna J. Essner, Southeast Missouri State University

“Kate Chopin, Free Love, and Spiritualism,” Kathleen Butterly Nigro, University of Missouri – St. Louis

“Is Edna Really a ‘Courageous Soul That Dares and Defies’?” Marlene Hendricks, Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Kate Chopin Panels at the 2007 American Literature Association Annual Conference, May 24 to 27, Boston

Reading Kate Chopin in the Town and the Country
Chair: Mary E. Papke, The University of Tennessee

“Reading for Realism in the Land of Local Color,” Thomas L. Morgan, University of Dayton

“So What Does That Kiss Really Mean? Teaching Chopin and Lesbian Moments in the Bible Belt,” Christina Bucher, Berry College, Rome, GA

“Kate Chopin and New Orleans, Past and Present,” Heather Ostman, Empire State College, State University of New York

Kate Chopin: Writing in the World
Chair: Heather Ostman, Empire State College, State University of New York

“Kate Chopin’s Reputation,” Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University of Pennsylvania

“Kate Chopin, Free Love, and ‘Super’-spiritual Influences,” Kathleen Nigro, University of Missouri, St. Louis

“Servitude and ‘A Solitary Soul’: Who Works in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening?” Avis Hewitt, Grand Valley State University

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Kate Chopin Panel at the 2006 American Literature Association Annual Conference, May 25–28, San Francisco

“Chopin’s Male Characters and ‘the joy that kills’,” Lizbeth Pereira, Latrobe University, Australia

“Nodding Over Emerson: Kate Chopin and the Relevance of Emersonian Transcendentalism in a Post-Romantic Age,” William Moss, Wake Forest University

The Better-Known Chopin: Making It New
Chair: Barbara Ewell, Loyola University, New Orleans

“Mr. Emerson Comes to St. Louis: ‘Inspiration’ and Kate Chopin,” Kathleen Butterly Nigro, University of Missouri, St. Louis

“Situated Knowledge in Kate Chopin’s ‘Desiree’s Baby,’” Martha Sledge, Marymount Manhattan College

“From Gilded Cage to Pigeonièrre: Race, Sexuality, and Architecture in The Awakening,” Catherine Michna, Boston College

The Lesser-Known Chopin: What We’ve Missed
Chair: Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University of Pennsylvania

“The way they ‘really talked to each other’: Kate Chopin’s Translations,” Veronica Kirk-Clausen, University of California, Santa Cruz

“Chopin’s Lyrical Anodyne for the Modern Soul,” Jane F. Thrailkill, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

“What Kate Chopin Knew About Domestic Violence: ‘In Sabine,’” Emily Toth, Louisiana State University

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Kate Chopin Panel at the 2005 American Literature Association Annual Conference, May 26–29, Boston

The New Kate Chopin: Explicating “Sexy” in the Twenty-First Century: A Roundtable Discussion

Moderator: Avis Hewitt, Grand Valley State University

Emily Toth, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

John May, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

Bernard Koloski, Mansfield University of Pennsylvania

Anne Goodwyn Jones, University of Missouri at Rolla

Suzanne Disheroon-Green, Northwestern State University of Louisiana

Queries–Can You Help With These Questions?

Biography:

A bookseller asks if we know anything about the identity of Mrs. F. M. Estere of 4434 Laclede Avenue of St. Louis and her possible connection with Kate Chopin? If you have any information about Mrs. F. M. Estere, would you please contact us?

New: We’ve recently received a response to this question. Many thanks to Ms. Clark:

I am a genealogist and was intrigued by the question. Here is what I was able to find out in just a couple of hours of Internet research…..

I believe the woman is Mrs. F. M. Estes (Francis “Frank” Marion Estes). He was a lawyer who practiced at that address. This was his second wife. They married in 1896 in St. Louis. Her name was Nellie Hancock Stockton (1870-1943) She was born in Texas. They had one son, Stockton. Frank died in 1909. He had many investments so his wife never wanted for money after his death. She actually left the country in 1910 and went to Buenos Aires until about 1912. She moved to New York after that. She left the country again in 1918 and returned in 1921. Her son was traveling with her at this time as he is listed on the ship’s manifest. Frank had two children from his first marriage, Francis M. Jr, and Grace.

Kate’s house on Morgan Street was several blocks away from the Estes home on Laclede Ave. Her home on McPhearson was much closer. It is possible they were in the same social circles. Frank was a well-known lawyer and was the council on several important St. Louis cases. It is possible he represented Kate at some time.

I hope this information sheds some light on Kate’s friends.

Pamela Clark

Influence:

A scholar in Australia asks: “Part of my PhD thesis involves a study of Kate Chopin. Following up a line of enquiry I was wondering if you know whether Chopin had anything to do with François-Auguste-René Rodin? Whether she was familiar with any of his works? Or if there was any other connection?” If you have any information about this, would you please contact us?

Idea for research:

A friend sent us this posting about the use of a bicycle in a Kate Chopin short story (scroll down to “Women and Bikes Everywhere in 1895”). Has anyone written about that in “The Unexpected,” “Charlie,” and, perhaps, other Chopin fiction? Would it be worth looking into?

Finally:

We seek to make the listings of Chopin scholarship on pages throughout this site accurate and up to date. If you find a mistake, an omission, or a misplacement, would you tell us? If a listed article is available on the web, would you send us the link? Contact us.

And if you have comments about the site or suggestions for improving it, would you please contact us?